Healthcare

Aspen Pharmacare in South Africa

The need for antiretroviral treatment in South Africa is acute. Without significant changes, current projections indicate that 3.5 million South Africans will die of AIDS-related infections by 2010. In 1997, Stephen Saad sold his shares in the Covan Zurich pharmaceutical company and, along with two others, founded Aspen Pharmacare with $7 million. Its goal: to build a major pharmaceutical manufacturer capable of supplying the South African market with brand name, generic and over-the-counter medicines at affordable prices.

Sanofi-aventis: Fighting Sleeping Sickness in Africa

Sanofi-aventis, the largest pharmaceutical company in Europe and the fourth-largest in the world, began a partnership with the World Health Organization in 2001 to fight sleeping sickness and other neglected diseases affecting the world’s poorest people. Initial discussions with the World Health Organization showed that a simple drug donation was not enough. Only combined action—drug donation, subsidies to fund distribution programmes and new research and development to improve treatments and diagnostics—could create a reasonable chance to bring sleeping sickness back under control.

Food for Development in Nigeria

In 2004, the Nasarawa State Government (NSG), under the mandate of Nigerian President Obasanjo, collaborated with Tetra Pak West Africa (TPWA) in the development of a state‐wide school feed programme using Nutri‐Sip, a maize‐based meal supplement that had been developed and deployed in South Africa. As of December 2005, half of the targeted enrolled population of 150,000 had joined the programme, which was complemented by prior de‐worming of the children.

Pésinet: A Health Care Initiative for the Reduction of Infant Mortality in Senegal and Mali

Pésinet, devised in 2002 by Brussels-based Afrique Initiatives, is an early warning method for monitoring the health conditions of children from low-income families. Its concept is simple: mothers subscribe to Pésinet’s services for a nominal fee, and in return a local Pésinet representative weighs her children twice a week. Results are communicated through information and communications technologies to a local doctor, who reviews the weight chart and requests that the mother and child visit if the weight readings are anomalously low and medical treatment might be required.

VidaGás: Powering Health Clinics and Households in Mozambique with Liquefied Petroleum Gas

In a country with 500 doctors for almost 20 million people, initiatives that can expand the reach of health services to rural people are in critical demand but in short supply. In northern Mozambique, the big challenge for health clinics is the lack of reliable fuel to light medical operations and to guarantee regular refrigeration for vaccines. And with less than 2% of households connected to electricity, many depend on wood or charcoal for cooking. This increases respiratory infections, pregnancy complications and forest degradation.

Child & Family Wellness Shops: A Model of Sustainable Health Care for the Most Vulnerable in Kenya

To prevent needless deaths and illnesses such as malaria and diarrhoea by sustainably improving access to essential medicines, an American lawyer and a Kenyan pharmacist founded the HealthStore Foundation, a franchiser of for-profit Child and Family Wellness (CFW) microdrugstores and clinics located in underserved rural areas and urban slums in Kenya.

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